Pulses - Macedonia
The Koleshino peanut is a variety local to Macedonia's southeaster Strumica region and the surrounding villages. The name derives from the village of Koleshino, where peanuts have been grown in a traditional way for at least 80 years. The plants are sown in rows and harvested manually or by machine. Peanuts are small in size with a strongly attached, reddish-purple inner skin and a fine taste. There are usually four peanuts per shell. The peanuts are eaten by humans, while the stems and leaves are used as animal feed due to the high quantity of protein they contain.
Historically, the peanut was always part of the table in the Strumica area, consumed as part of both the daily diet and also for events or festivities. The peanuts were produced in wide areas and distributed throughout Macedonia. They are considered rich in minerals, vitamins A, E and K, and fat, with an oil content of over 48%. The peanuts can be eaten raw, roasted with salt or used in a variety of recipes. Raw peanuts can be stored for up to one year if well dried, stored in a cool place protected from draft and frost. Roasted peanuts can be stored for up to one month.
Koleshino peanuts are grown in small quantities and most of them are produced for home consumption. While older generations regularly grew peanuts for commercial sale in this area, today fewer people are cultivating this crop, and on a smaller level, despite the peanuts' unique and highly appreciated flavor.