Pozegaca Plum Šljivovica
Distilled and fermented beverages - Bosnia and Herzegovina
Herzegovina is a region divided only by one thing: some people produce wine and other people produce šljivovica (plum brandy).For the people of Nevesinje, Prozor and Jablanica, šljivovica is not only an entry in the list of local beverages but it is also a tradition and a state of mind. Traditionally, šljivovica is produced in November creating an opportunity for men to gather and spend time together enjoying this popular spirit. Herzegovinian plum brandy is specific in that, because I always made from the type plums 'Požegaca'Each day, throughout November, there is always someone producing šljivovica and inviting others to join and have a good time. Šljivovica enjoys a huge popularity not only in Herzegovina but also abroad including Europe and US where it was brought by Serb businessmen toward the end of the nineteenth century.Šljivovica is a colourless alcoholic beverage primarily made of distilled fermented plum juice with characteristic taste and flavour.Production of šljivovica consists of two main processes: fermentation and distillation. Fermentation serves to transform the sugar contained in the wash, under the action of the yeast, into alcohol.Distillation consists essentially in separating the alcohol contained in the wash from the water, taking advantage of the fact that alcohol boils at a lower temperature than water, at about 80°C. There are three types of distillates: the first distillate is a very strong spirit used for medical purposes. The second distillate is the actual šljivovica (43-46% vol.) which is subsequently stored in oak barrels to age for several months. The third distillate is a spirit of low strength which needs to be returned into the still and distilled for the second time in order to reach an acceptable level of alcohol. Rakija is a common name used to refer to traditional spirits such as šljivovica, lozova?a and the similar. The word rakija comes from the old Indian word arak or rak which was used to indicate alcoholic beverages made from rice and other crops in Eastern India. Production of rakija is a long-standing tradition dating back to the middle Ages.Although šljivovica is common to all South Slavic countries, it has been considered an important par of history and life Serb people. Today you cannot even imagine a traditional feast without a bottle of this exquisite Plum fruit tree is very sensitive to the presence of the disease. Happened was that plum due to bad of climatic conditions was not a fruit every year.Imports of new varieties and use of another of alcoholic beverages.Šljivovica is produced in small households.